Over 400 years ago Black people became slaves and some are still slaves, even with the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in force since 1868.
Since the day when the Secretary of State William Seward gave a proclamation attesting the ratification of the 14th Amendment, it has always been a struggle for descendants of slaves to be accepted in the society as free men, all because of the indestructible force of White supremacy that exists.
Professor Darren Hutchinson of the University of Florida explains that “White racism has been a culprit”.
“The granting of citizenship was always fragile for blacks,” Hutchinson told News report. He further explained that “the Black Codes gave rise to the amendment, but it could not prevent violence and general white supremacy. Only the federal troops proved effective at doing this. Once Reconstruction ended, the Amendments became aspirational more than anything else for more Black people.”
White supremacists granted slaves citizenship not to let them have equal rights with other citizens, but to use them for their own interest.
Malcolm X said, “If they were citizens, you wouldn’t have a race problem. If the Emancipation Proclamation was authentic, you wouldn’t have a race problem. If the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments to the Constitution were authentic, you wouldn’t have a race problem.”
So what does it mean to be a citizen as an African-American, if you’re only considered one on paper and under the law when racism and violence are accepted as the order of the day?
There are cases of both civil acts of hatred and ingnorance on behalf of the government and this war will go on while the authorities of the country don’t follow its Constitution themselves.
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